Introduction to Western Literature and Arts
Lecture Note-2: The Creation Myth
(In Greco-Roman Mythology, the Bible, and Sumerian Mythology)

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[In addition to introducing the following information, I will give a slide lecture about Greek gods and goddess in class.]


Table of Contents

  1. How do I find the texts about creation myth?
  2. Theogony (Creation of the World and Evolution of God, Gods, Goddesses)
  3. Who is who in Greek and Roman Mythology?
  4. Two representative cultural traits: Apollonian vs Dionysian
  5. Introducing some wonderful mythology websites (image resources)
  6. Introducing some Bible websites
  7. Quiz

How do I find the texts about creation myth?

I. The Sumerian Creation Myth
    Mesopotamian Cosmogony
    Some basic information about Mesopotamian mythology
    From The Epic of Gilgamesh (Searching for immortality)
    The Descent of the Goddess Ishtar

II. The Hebraic Creation Myth
    Genesis 1 (New King James Version): The Creation
    Genesis 1:1 (King James Version with Definitions)
    Genesis 1:26 (New King James Version with Definitions)
    Genesis 1:27 (New King James Version with Definitions)
    Genesis 2 (New King James Version): Adam and Eve
    Genesis 3 (New King James Version): The Fall of Man
    Genesis 4 (New King James Version): Cain and Abel
    Genesis 5 (New King James Version): The Descendents of Adam
    Genesis 6 (New King James Version): The Flood and the Ark
    Genesis 7 (New King James Version): "
    Genesis 8 (New King James Version): "
    Genesis 9 (New King James Version):  The Covenant with Noah

III. The Greco-Roman Creation Myth

    The Flood (One of the many Floods which destroyed mankind) in GGGM 
    

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Theogony (Creation of the World and Evolution of God, Gods, Goddesses)
Read Ovid, Metamorphoses, Book1, Book2.
References:
   *Hesiod: Theogony pp23-57
   *Apollodorus: The Library of Greek Mythology : "Theogony"27-35, "The Deucalionids"36-38

--Timeline of Greek History and Literature
--Summary of Apollodorus's Library
--Myths of Creation (Six different versions about the Origin of the World).
--Theogony (The origin and family tree of the gods. All genealogical information given by Hesiod in his work Theogony).

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Who is who in Greek and Roman Mythology?

[The following are the basic information you should know about Greek gods and goddess and other divinities.]
I. A correspondent table of the names of Greek and Roman Divinities
--Greek and Roman Names for Gods and Goddess (A table by  Laurel Bowman)
--Grek-Latin Correspondences (Greek and Latin names of characters, a table by Carlos Parada )
II. Attributes of the Olympians
--Attributes in Iconography (A table by Laurel Bowman)
--The Olympians (a table by Carlos Parada, with detailed descriptions of attributes and links)
--Major Divinities
--Other Deities in Greek Mythology

III. Abstraction (Personification of abstract idea) in Greek mythology
--Abstractions (personification of abstract idea in Greek mythology, a table by Carlos Parada)

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A Table of Comparison Between the Apollonian and the Dionysian  

Apollonian Dionysian
Reprehensive
Divinity
Apollo: god of sun, prophecy, healing Dionysus: god of wine
Cultural Prototype Classicism Romanticism
Quality Sunny, serene Stormy, turbulent
Rational, disciplined Irrational, undisciplined

 Suggested literary references about this comparison:
Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy: "Apollonian vs Dionysian"
Mathew Arnold, The Social History of Art, " Hellenism vs Hebraism"
Shiller: "the naive vs the sentimental"


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Introducing some wonderful mythology websites (image resources)

Mythology Websites : image resources
Carlos Parada: Greek Mythology Link
Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology
Princeton Mythology Project
The Ambrose Collection
Ambrose Slide Lectures
Mythology in Western Art
The Perseus Project
The Ovid Project
Art Images for College Teaching (AICT)

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Introducing some Bible websites

Some Bible Websites 
Christian Classic Ethereal Library
World Wide Study Bible
Blue Letter Bible
New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia
Bible Translations
The Chinese Bible
WWW Bible Gateway
Easton Bible Dictionary
Online Bible Home Page
The Y-Files

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Quiz-2: The names and attributes of Greek and Roman Divinities


Composed and Edited by Chen Chi-szu
Revised: Q 15, 2002.