The original function of the Greek temple is for sacrificial ritual. The temple is built for the keeping of the statues of god or goddess. The sacrificial ritual takes place outside of the temple (not inside!). People burn their offerings outside the temple.
The facade of a Greek temple is designed to give the pilgrim an impression of a rank of worshipers elbowing sacrificial objects on their heads toward heaven.
Compare the left figure [detail from 5.1] with the right figure [5.18], we may find many similarities. The detailed pattern from a Dipylon Vase shows a burial ceremony. The standing figures look like the columns in a temple facade.
From this comparison, we may see how the Greek see man's position in the universe (standing on the earth, worshiping with sacrifice to the heaven). In other words, man is the column of the world.
In most case, the ratio of a temple and later for a church is derived from the proportion in a human figure. The Greek view: Man is the ratio of the universe.
Left: The impression of an Ionic column. Francesco di Giorgio, Colonna stolata.
Right: The impression of a Corinthian column. Francesco di Giorgio, Origin of the Corinthian order. From the Saluzziano Codex, Giblioteca Reale, Turin, folio 24v.
The origin of the capital of a Ionic column. Francesco di Giorgio, Head within capital. From the Magliabecchiano Codex, folio 33v.
Francesco di Giorgio, an Entablature design. From the Saluzziano Codex, folio 21r.
Edited on 1998/3/13