Introduction to Western Literature and Arts (西洋文學概要)

1st Semester, 2005


Chapter 2: Early Greece

I. Fill in the Blank

1. The polis was a type of state called a __city-state____.(page 33)

2. The hill that dominated the center of Ancient Athens was called the __acropolis_____.(page 70)

3. The statue that marks the turning point between the Archaic world and the early

Classical period is known as the __Kritios Boy_____.(page 43, 45fig.2.13)

4. The first architectural order developed by the Greeks was the __Doric_____ order.(pages 46–48)

5. The last architectural order developed by the Greeks was the __Corinthian_______ order.(page 46)

6. The anger of Achilles and its consequences is the subject of the __Iliad________.(page 36)

7. The principal theme of the Odyssey is ___home-coming (return home) of Odysseus___. (page 37)

8. A standing male figure in Greek sculpture is called a __kouros___. (page 42)

9. The common one feature of Archaic sculpture is the famous __archaic smile______. (page 43)

II. Read the following poem and answer the questions.

He is more than a hero
he is a god in my eyes--
the man who is allowed
to sit beside you -- he

who listens intimately
to the sweet murmur of
your voice, the enticing

laughter that makes my own
heart beat fast. If I meet
you suddenly, I can

speak -- my tongue is broken;
a thin flame runs under
my skin; seeing nothing,

hearing only my own ears
drumming, I drip with sweat;
trembling shakes my body

and I turn paler than
dry grass. At such times
death isn't far from me

  1. Who is the the author of this lyric? (pp. 50-51)
    Answer: Sappho
  2. What are the characteristics of this poem? (pp. 50-51)
    Answer: reveal the depth of emotion and conflict of emotional response
  3. Describe the relationships among "I," "He," and "You" in this poem.
    Answer: It is a love relationship among two women and one man (a case of "eternal triangle").
    I: (the speaker, female), You: (the intended reader, female), He: (male)
    The female speaker is addressing to her female lover, who has an affair with a man. 

Chapter 3: Classical Greece

I.  What is Classical Ideal? Explain it, then use Greek sculpture as example to illustrate your explanation.

II. Matching

1. archaic smile = D

2. red figure pottery = B

3. The work in the Golden Age = E

4. Hellenistic sculpture = C

5. Late Classic sculpture = F

6. The work in Heroic Age = A


III. Filling the blank

1. The three greatest sculptors in the Golden Age of Greece are _Phidias___, _Myron___, _Polykleitos___.

2. The three greatest sculptors in the Late Classic period are_Prasiteles__, __Scopas__, _Lysippus___.

3. The characteristics of the Parthenon: [pages 71-73]

4. The characteristics of the Erechtheum: [pages 73-75]