Introduction to Western Literature and Arts (¦è¬v¤å¾Ç·§n)
1st Semester, 2005
Topic 1. The Olympian Gods and Goddesses
Topic 2: Ovid's Metamorphoses, Book 1, Book 3
|Greek Name||Roman Name||Related Activities||Related animals and plants||Related objects|
|Zeus||¡@||¡@||eagle, bull, oak||¡@|
|Apollo||¡@||prophecy, medicine, archery, music, moderation, law||¡@
lyre, bow &arrow
|¡@||Bacchus||¡@||bull, snake, panther, ivy||wine, thyrsus, fawnskin|
|Hermes||¡@||messenger, traveller, leads souls to Hades, trickster
|XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX||hat, winged sandals, wand
|¡@||Diana||¡@||bear, deer||bow&arrow, moon|
See : Table of the Olympian Divinities
II. The Following questions are based on Ovid's Metamorphoses, Book 1. Answer the questions briefly. 10% x 4 = 40%
1. What are the four ages before the flood?
Which age characterizes the Mycenaean culture?
2. Compared with other beings, what is the unique characteristic
of human ?
3. What is the reason of the flood? And what
story explain this reason?
4. In the catastrophic flood, there were only a
man and a woman survived. Who are they? Following the oracle of Themis, how do
they regenerate human beings after the flood?
III. The Theban cycle contains stories which
are ironical and paradoxical. The destiny of the house of Cadmus was closely related to "Serpent." The
transformation of the family of Cadmus concerns about "vision" & "forbidden
Fill in the blank: 3% x 10 = 30%
|Name||Ironical Reversal||Forbidden Seeing & Mystery||Transformation.|
|Cadmus||The destroyer of serpent was turned into a serpent. The gazer (of the Serpent) was gazed by other (as serpent).||killed a monstrous Serpent, which was sacred to ______||¡@|
|Actaeon||¡@||¡@||-->dappled dear, (or boar)|
|Tiresias||The judge was judged.||He saw two snakes mating twice.||¡@|
|Echo||¡@||She saw Zeus's affair but did not told Hera||-->|
|Pentheus||An unbeliever was frightened by what he saw.||¡@||-->deformation
His deformation is contrast of Bacchus's deformation.