I. The Origin of Greek Tragedy--

    choral song hymns sung in honor of the wine god, Dionysus

    tragedy in Greek= tragoidia
                               = tragos + oide
    (goat) (song)

    dithyramb = the choral hymn, with mime describing the adventure of Dionysus. It was introduced into Greek in the 7th century. BC

    Dionysus Zagreus--death + rebirth
    Seasonal change
    Apollo + Dionysus

    Tetralogy = one satyr play + a trilogy (three tragedies)

II. The Structure of a Greek Tragedy

1st Episode
1st Stasimon
2nd Episode
2nd Stasimon
3rd Episode
3rd Stasimon

III. Definition of tragedy according to Aristotle's Poetics

Tragedy is the imitation of an action
that is
and also having
magnitude, complete in itself;
in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind
brought in separately in the parts of the work;
in a dramatic, not in a narrative form;
with incidents arousing pity and fear,
wherewith to accomplish its
catharsis of such emotions.

imitation  : mimesis
action = plot = the downfall of a noble hero
complete: beginning, middle, ending
beginning èin medias res
parts of the work: Structure of tragedy
catharsis: psychological effect of tragedy